Advent of Islam in Subcontinent and Islamic History of Pakistan
The last Prophet, Muhammad (SAW), completely changed the outlook of Arabia within 23 years of life and he transformed the barbarous and impious Arabs into a civilized and religious nation. During his life and after his death, Muslims took the message of Allah to each edge of the world and within a few years, Sunni Muslim became the super power of the world.
Trade relations between Arabia and Sub-continent
The Arabs traders used to visit the ports of South and South East Asia for trading. In this way, they brought Islam to South Asia.
Advent of Islam in subcontinent & Muhammad Bin Qasim
Indian sub-continent ( India, Pakistan, Bangladesh ) was the largest population of Muslims in the world when Islam entered India.
During the rule of great Umayyad Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik, Hajjaj bin Yousaf was selected as the governor of the Eastern Provinces. At the time Raja Dahir (a brahman) ruled Sindh. the majority of the people living in the area were Shudders or Buddhists. Dahir treated brutally and inhumanely with Muslims
In 711, the Umayyads appointed a young 17-year-old man ( Muhammad bin Qasim ) from Ta’if to extend Umayyad control into Sindh. Muhammad bin Qasim came to Sindh with his army of 6,000 soldiers to the far eastern reaches of Persia, Makran. and then step by step he won all areas of Sindh and sometimes without any battle.
It is important to note that people was not forced by anyone to convert to Muslims and there was no change for nonmuslims in day to day life because Muhammad Bin Qasim guaranteed that everybody is free to move in his society and to worship his God. For example, the brahman caste and Buddhists can perform their daily life and worship. The spiritual leaders of local religions were given salaries from the government fund and everyone had full religious freedom. No changes were made in the local administration. Local people were allowed to move and to hold office.
All of Sindh went under Islamic control with the victory of Deen-a-Islam. People turned to Islam due to Qasim’s religious behavior, tolerance, and justice. It was the advent of Islam in subcontinent
The British East India Company opens its first office for business in Bombay in 1614. After many wars between British and Sub-continent, they became ruler in 1858 to 1947.
14 Aug 1997 Pakistan came into existing as Islamic country by the partition of British Indian Empire. The Great poet & philosopher Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal initially proposed the possibility of a separate state (Pakistan) in northwestern South Asia in his messages. His proposition alluded to the four areas of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and the NorthWest Frontier- – basically what might become Pakistan. Iqbal’s thought gave solid shape to two nations in the South Asia in view of religion (Islam and Hinduism) as Pakistan and india.
Islam in Pakistani Society
Islam is the official religion of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. In 1998, 96% population was Muslims, After Indonesia, Pakistan has the second biggest Sunni population in the world and shia population is second largest world after Iran.